HIV

Basic Care Package

Situation Analysis

According to the Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS) 2007, 7.1% of Kenyans aged 15-64 years are infected with HIV. This represents an estimated 1.37 million people. The major cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected individuals is opportunistic infections (OIs).

The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS) survey also indicates that about 54.5% of HIV-infected persons live in a household that does not treat its drinking water. Only 20.2% of this same group sleep under long-lasting insecticide treated mosquito bed nets and 23.9% of them are not on Cotrimoxazole (CTX) – an antibiotic drug used to treat infections.

A number of low-cost and practical interventions have been shown to reduce HIV-related morbidity and mortality due to opportunistic infections and prevent HIV transmission. Cotrimoxazole (CTX) preventive therapy, long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLITN), correct and consistent condom use and; safe water systems (SWS) are inexpensive and benefit Persons Living with HIV (PLHIV) by reducing the incidence of opportunistic infections.

The Government of Kenya (GoK) recommends that all HIV-infected adults and children regardless of the status of their immune system should have access to these interventions referred to as the Basic Care Package (BCP).

For the Basic Care Package (BCP) to be effective, it is essential that the community and all levels of the health care system be involved in the provision of this package.

Basic Care Package

 

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