HIV

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision

Situation Analysis

Clinical trials conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa have shown that medically performed circumcision is safe and can reduce men’s risk of HIV infection during vaginal sex by about 60%.

In Kenya, 2,784 men aged between 18 – 24 years joined a similar trial in Kisumu. Among those circumcised, HIV risk was reduced by about 53%. An ongoing follow-up study found that this protective effect was sustained over 42 months, reducing men’s chances of becoming infected with HIV by 64%. Male circumcision is practiced in many communities in Kenya and often serves as a rite of passage to adulthood. However, we have some communities in parts of Nyanza, Rift Valley and Western provinces that do not traditionally circumcise.

There is a strong relationship between HIV prevalence and male circumcision status with HIV prevalence being four times higher among uncircumcised men than among circumcised men aged 15 – 49 yrs (13% and 3% respectively) (2008/09 KDHS). Nationally, reported rates of circumcision are over 80%, except in Nyanza province where circumcision rates are at 48.2%.
Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision

 

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